The ECIS database contains aggregated results computed from data submitted by European cancer registries affiliated to the ENCR.
Incidence and mortality estimates 2022
The ECIS web application displays the national estimates of cancer incidence and mortality for the major cancer types for the year 2022 in the EU-27 Member States, as well as in all the other European countries, as defined by the United Nations Definition of Regions, with the exclusion of Russian Federation and Belarus. This is in compliance with the EU position about suspension of the scientific cooperation with the Russian Federation. These estimates are the joint outcome of a collaborative exercise of the JRC with the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), in collaboration with the ENCR and the International Association of Cancer Registries. Estimates are based on the historical cancer incidence data supplied by the cancer registries and on the administrative data on cancer mortality.
The incidence estimates in 2022 for the EU-27 countries are based on the data from the cancer registries participating in the data call of IARC's Cancer Incidence in Five Continents series volume XII. The mortality data was extracted from WHO mortality database unless otherwise specified.
The list of cancer sites and corresponding definitions used in the estimates 2022 is available here.
A standard methodology was applied to bridge a potential lack of data in the estimation of comparable cancer burden indicators across cancer sites and countries. The process applied in the previous exercise of estimates calculation for the year 2020 has been published [a]; description of the revised methodology for the year 2022 is available here.
The estimates reported in the ECIS web application may differ from those provided by national bodies because of possible differences in methodology and data sources. They have been computed from the recorded data provided by the cancer registries and administrative sources. The values should be interpreted with caution, as they are the result of an estimation process and do not correspond to any recorded value. It has to be noted that the variations of estimates across countries is influenced by a number of factors, including different levels of primary prevention and care, population-based screening, data registration coverage as well as the methods used for estimation.
Cancer Incidence and Mortality in Europe
The ECIS data calls aim at collecting data from European population-based cancer registries, in order to compute and disseminate indicators for assessing and monitoring the burden of cancer in Europe. The outputs of the project consist of cancer incidence and mortality indicators, including specific analyses by cancer site, sex, age group, calendar period, and geographic area.
In the 2015 ENCR-JRC data call 149 population-based cancer registries from 34 European countries contributed with data to ECIS.
In 2022, a second data call was launched.
The indicators, published in the ECIS web application, are produced in collaboration with the cancer registries and their representative body – the ENCR Steering Committee.
The list of cancer registries contributing to the ECIS and the corresponding incidence and mortality time period is available here.
The list of cancer entities and corresponding definitions used in the ENCR-JRC call for data is available here.
Childhood Cancer Incidence in Europe
The 2015 ENCR-JRC data call aimed to collect data, compute and disseminate indicators for assessing and monitoring the burden of cancer in Europe. As a specific focus, the cancer burden on childhood population is also analysed according to the International Classification of Childhood Cancer (ICCC). The cancer incidence indicators are analysed by diagnostic group, age group, calendar period, and geographic area.
A total of 107 all-ages and 6 childhood-specific cancer registries from 30 European countries responded to the call for data and were included.
The incidence indicators, published in the ECIS web application, are produced in collaboration with the cancer registries and their representative body – the ENCR Steering Committee.
The list of cancer registries contributing to the ECIS and the corresponding incidence time period is available here.
The list of diagnostic groups based on ICCC used is available here here.
The EUROCARE study
Aims of the study are to provide an updated description of cancer survival time trends and differences across European countries, to measure cancer prevalence and to study patterns of care of cancer patients.
The latest published edition, EUROCARE-5, includes data on more than 21 million cancer diagnoses provided by 99 Cancer Registries in 26 European countries.
The EUROCARE-5 results were published in 2015 on the European Journal of Cancer and are available here.
The list of cancer registries participating in the EUROCARE-5 study is available here.
The list of cancer sites and corresponding definitions used in the EUROCARE-5 study is available here.